Shooting 101: Equipment

Shooting 101: Equipment
Posted at 2:37 PM, Mar 10, 2021

Types of guns used for each event:
Rifle (3-position and prone): A small bore rifle no larger than 8 kg (17.637 lbs.) with a 5.6 millimeter caliber. A women's small bore rifle can be no larger than 6.5 kg (14.33 lbs.).

Air rifle (10m rifle): The air rifle is no bigger than 5.5 kg (12.125) and has a pellet which is shot in thanks to air being compressed from an external lever or a pre-compressed air cylinder. The opening is .177 inches.

Pistol (50m pistol, Men's 25m rapid fire pistol, Women's 25m pistol): The men's 50m pistol competitors use a small bore pistol with a .22-inch caliber and with no restrictions on length, width or weight. The women's event and the men's rapid fire competitors use a .22 long rifle caliber pistol capable of firing five shots. A maximum weight of 3.0865 lbs. is specified with a minimum triggers pull weight of 2.2046 lbs. The grip must not touch the wrist, and the pistol must be able to fit in a box shaped 300 x 150 x 50 (all millimeters) with at least 1 millimeter in between the box sides and the gun.

Air pistol (10m pistol): With a maximum weight of 3.3069 lbs., the air pistol has a .177-inch caliber. The minimum trigger pull weight is 1.1023 lbs. and the air pistol must be able to fit in a box sized 420 x 200 x 50 (all millimeters).

Shotgun (trap): Double-barreled, the guns generally weigh around nine pounds and can have barrel lengths up to 32 inches.

Shotgun (double trap): The guns are similar to those used in trap, but there is slightly more pellet spread compared to the tight pellet spread of shotguns used in trap.

Shotgun (skeet): The guns are regulated to shoot a more open pattern of pellets, and weigh around six-and-a-half pounds because of the shorter barrels that are used.

Miscellaneous equipment used:
Sights: In rifle, only metallic sights are allowed -- nothing with a lens can be used; in pistol only open sights may be used (optical, mirror, telescope, laser beam or electronically-projected dot sights may not be used).

Shotgun cartridges: A pellet load may not exceed 24.5 grams and a pellet may not exceed 2.6 millimeters in diameter.

Ear/eye protection: All shooters are urged to wear protection; in the event of ear protection, the device used is not allowed to be a receiver of any kind.

Shooting shoes: Light athletic shoes are permitted, assuming they meet the qualifications and standards listed: the maximum thickness of the sole at the toe is 10 millimeters; the height of the shoe shall not exceed two-thirds the length of the shoe-wearer's foot plus 10 millimeters; the top of the shoe's thickness may not be more than four millimeters; and the toe of the sole of the shoe may not extend beyond 10 millimeters from the end of the shoe.

Side blinders: The non-shooting eye may be covered by an item not wider than 30 millimeters. An actual side blinder, attached to a hat, head band or glasses, may not be any deeper than 40 millimeters.

Jackets and clothing: Special clothing (including a shooting jacket, shooting trousers and shooting gloves) designed to eliminate most of the stress from firing a gun dozens of times is tested for thickness and stiffness by International Shooting Sport Federation standards.