Oct 1, 2010 1:56 PM by Bea Karnes, News First 5
Are your gums red, swollen or tender? Do they bleed easily? If so, you may have gum disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that support your teeth. Your gum tissue is not attached to the teeth as high as it may seem. There is a very shallow v-shaped crevice between the tooth and gums. Periodontal diseases attack just below the gum line, where they cause the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues to break down.
Periodontal diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of periodontal disease that only affects the gums. Gingivitis may lead to more serious, destructive forms of periodontal disease called periodontitis.
There are several warning signs of gum disease:
Gums that bleed easily
Red, swollen, tender gums
Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
Persistent bad breath or bad taste
Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
Any change in the fit of partial dentures
Some factors increase the risk of developing periodontal disease:
Tobacco smoking or chewing
Systemic diseases such as diabetes
Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
Bridges that no longer fit properly
Fillings that have become defective
Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
Schedule an appointment with Morgan & Rogers Dental Institute for a thorough cleaning and checkup. The Morgan & Rogers staff will assist you in planning proper preventative care and a treatment plan for existing problems.