Sep 22, 2010 9:47 AM by Bea Karnes, News First 5
Last year's pandemic influenza made a lot of people sick. Many kids got really sick.
Research released Sunday by the University of Utah shows the H1N1 virus apparently triggered a higher rate of neurological complications in children.
"I've been working as a physician for approximately 10 years and had never seen so many kids with flu and neurological problems," says Dr. Josh Bonkowsky of the University of Utah Clinical Neurosciences Center.
Bonkowsky and colleagues wondered if what they were seeing last year was a statistical aberration or something unique to H1N1.
The data did, in fact, show the virus was perhaps more villainous than what they usually see with the traditional flu.
Seizures and encephalopathy were the most common complications.
More than half the kids who had seizures developed a life-threatening condition called epilepticus, where continuous seizures happen for more than five to 30 minutes.
None of those children with the seasonal flu had as severe of complications as those with H1N1.
While most children who had H1N1 recovered, a few, even a year later, are still taking anti-seizure medications.
Others are still experiencing some cognitive issues.
Bonkowsky says one child in particular "lost a lot of developmental milestones by going back to being a young child -- a return almost to a toddler, infant-type of cognition ability."
The research team also says H1N1 triggered an anomaly they haven't seen before from influenza infections.
"The thing that surprised me most of all for the H1N1 flu and the kids who had the neurological complications were those who often had something we call aphasia, which means they lose the ability to talk," Bonkowsky said.
H1N1 probably won't pose much of a threat this season, but because a higher number of kids experienced serious complications during last year's pandemic Bonkowsky says it's important families get a flu shot this year where H1N1 immunity is packaged along with protection from other flu bugs into one single shot.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 43 - 89 million Americans were infected with H1N1 between April 2009 and April 2010, with approximately 14 - 28 million of those cases in children 17 and younger.
The Utah research, so far, is the most extensive study of neurological complications following H1N1 infections in children.